A small round bowl with hand-painted orange flowers and green leaves accented by a gold and green rim. The bowl measures 5 3/4" wide and sits 1 1/4" high. The bottom is marked "E-OH China Hand-Painted Nippon." The condition is very good, with no chips, cracks, or stains.
The McKinley Tariff Act was passed by the United States Congress and enacted in 1890. This law required that all manufactured goods imported to the United States be marked with the country of origin. As "Nippon" was the English word for Japan, goods made there for import into the United States was marked "Nippon" to comply with the law. This stood in effect until 1921 when it was ruled that the country of origin needed to be in English and thus from 1921 on, any Japanese porcelain exported to the United States was marked "Japan" instead of "Nippon."